Michigan Legislation – Current/Pending

For more information, click on the links of the bill numbers below to see and print the actual bill or act. Click on the title of the bill to see a short summary of each bill and to get more history.

Heartbeat Awareness Act
H.B. 4241 – Rep. Tom Hooker

Current Status
H.B. 4241 was introduced on Feb. 25, 2015 and referred to the House Health Policy Committee.

Description
H.B. 4240 adds section 17015b to the informed consent for abortion section of the public health code. It states that before an abortion can be performed, the doctor must attempt to detect a fetal heartbeat and allow the woman to hear the heartbeat if she chooses. In addition, the bill requires the doctor to inform the woman of the likelihood of experiencing a spontaneous miscarriage based on the lack of fetal heartbeat and gestational age.

Background
Detection of a fetal heartbeat provides valuable medical information. First it confirms a pregnancy and rules out false positive pregnancy tests. Second, it determines the position of the fetus within the uterus as opposed to an ectopic pregnancy which occurs in about 2% of all pregnancies. Third, it confirms that the unborn child is living and has not spontaneously died prior to a natural miscarriage. Miscarriage occurs in approximately 15% of all confirmed pregnancies. Often a woman has a positive pregnancy test, but the baby dies of natural causes prior to the body spontaneously miscarrying. Detecting the fetal heartbeat will reduce the number of unnecessary abortion procedures and spare women the agony of making an abortion decision when she will inevitably experience a miscarriage. Lastly, it gives the woman one more concrete sign that she is carrying a living human being in hopes that she will change her mind and choose life.

History
Bills banning abortion following the detection of a fetal heartbeat have been introduced in several states; however, those few states that have passed Heartbeat bans have yet to have them go into effect due to legal challenges.

The Heartbeat Informed Consent Bill was introduced by Michelle Bachman at the federal level, but it has had no traction. Other states that have passed heartbeat informed laws similar to HB 4241 have tied them to ultrasound viewing laws and have not seen credible legal challenges.

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Late-Term Abortion Hospital Requirement
H.B. 4146 – Rep. Thomas Hooker

Current Status
H.B. 4146 was introduced on February 5, 2015 and referred to the House Committee on Health Policy.

Description
This legislation would require that all abortions after 19 weeks gestation be performed in a hospital with a neonatal unit. Before performing these late-term abortions, the physician must establish with the neonatal unit a protocol consistent with the Born Alive Infant Protection Act to provide appropriate medical care in the case of a live birth.

Background
While overall abortion numbers continue to decline in Michigan, the proportion of abortions at 20 weeks or greater is increasing. These late-term abortions have a much higher complication rate than first-trimester abortions, and at times result in live births. In spite of the risks to women and the possibility of delivering a live infant that will need medical care as required by the Born Alive Infant Protection Act, Michigan abortion data reveals that less than 10% of these abortions are performed in hospitals. The great majority are performed in abortion clinics that are not licensed as surgical facilities. Abortion clinics do not have the equipment or expertise to care for women who suffer complications, or for babies who survive the abortion attempt.

History
H.B. 4162 was introduced on January 31, 2013 and referred to the House Health Policy Committee. H.B. 4175 was introduced on June 8, 2011, and referred to the House Health Policy Committee. S.B. 523 was introduced on June 23, 2011 and referred to the Senate Committee on Health Policy. No action on any of these bills was taken during the entire 2011-2012 or 2013-2014 sessions.

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Choose Life License Plate
S.B. 0084 – Sen. Patrick Colbeck
H.B. 4140 – Rep. Tom Hooker

Current Status
On March 10, 2015 the Transportation Committee voted to approve S.B. 84 and referred it to the Senate. On March 17, 2015 the Senate voted 26-11 in favor of the bill. The bill will now move to the House Transportation Committee. S.B. 84 was introduced on February 5, 2015 and referred to the Senate Committee on Transportation. A hearing was held on February 26, 2015 but a vote was not taken. H. B. 4140 was also introduced on February 5, 2015 and is identical to S.B. 84.

Description
S.B. 84 and H.B. 4140 create the Choose Life Michigan fund within the Michigan Treasury where funds from the sale of specialty “Choose Life” license plates will be deposited. Funds generated by the sale of “Choose Life” plates in Michigan will be directed to the Choose Life Michigan fund. The board of the nonprofit pro-life committee, Choose Life Michigan, will then disperse the money to organizations that submit grant proposals for specific abortion prevention projects. The bill stipulates that the funds will be used to promote alternatives to abortion, including adoption, provide practical support to pregnant women, and conduct outreach to at-risk populations regarding positive pregnancy options.

Background
Twenty-nine other states offer “Choose Life” specialty plates. Over $12 million dollars has been raised nationwide from the Choose Life plates to aid in life-affirming alternatives to abortion. Michigan is the only state along the I-75 corridor that doesn’t have a Choose Life plate, and it has been one of the most requested items by our members. While Governor Snyder claimed he wasn’t going to sign any specialty plate legislation, he has signed three bills into law during his tenure—Breast Cancer and Cervical Cancer Awareness, Ducks Unlimited, and Boy Scouts.

History
Various forms of this legislation have been introduced in the past. S.B. 84 and H.B. 4140 are other attempts to create a “Choose Life” license plate in the state of Michigan.

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Citizens Accountability Act
S.B. 0027 – Sen. Rick Jones

Current Status
S.B. 27 was introduced on January 22, 2015 and referred to the Senate committee on Health Policy.

Description
P.A. 208 of 1999 requires doctors who treat a woman suffering from an abortion complication to report it to the state health department. The law is obviously not being followed as the reported rate of complications is .008%. The Citizen Accountability Act would allow any individual who has knowledge of a woman being treated for an abortion complication to file a “Notice of Compliance” regarding Public Act 208. This notice would be filed simultaneously with the physician or facility treating the complication, the abortionist if he or she did not treat the complication, and the state Department of Community Health.

Background
P.A. 208 of 1999 was passed in order to hold abortion providers to the same standards that other doctors are held and require them to report all complications from abortion. Doctors are required by law to report complications, omissions and accidents to the Department of Community Health. Abortion providers had not previously been required to report any complications, so studies have shown abortions as being extremely safe with very few complications. There have been numerous reports of ambulances arriving at abortion clinics by sidewalk counselors, Operation Rescue and 40 Days for Life volunteers, yet the complication rates reported to the state remain consistent. This bill will seek to remedy the unrealistically low complication rates being reported by allowing those citizens with actual knowledge of a complication to report it.

History
Shortly after the reporting requirement contained in P.A. 208 of 1999 became effective, it was evident that the abortion providers and emergency room physicians were not complying with the law. Versions of the Citizens Accountability Act have been introduced for several legislative sessions. Due to P.A. 499 of 2012 which requires abortion clinics to be licensed and inspected, we are hopeful that the Citizens Accountability Act will pass this session.

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Rape Survivor Child Custody Act
H.B. 4481 – Rep. Lisa Lyons
S.B. 0629 – Sen. Rick Jones

Current Status
On February 4, 2016, the Senate Judiciary committee unanimously approved H.B. 4481. It will now go to the Senate floor for a vote. The Michigan House of Representatives approved HB 4481 on October 15 by an overwhelming bi-partisan 101-4 vote. The bill will now go on to the Senate Judiciary committee for further consideration. The Senate Judiciary Committee heard testimony on December 8, 2015.

The House Criminal Justice Committee heard testimony on HB 4481 on May 19, 2015. The bill was then taken up again on June 9, 2015 and reported to the House floor by a vote of 5-0-3, with 5 prolife members voting Yes, and the 3 pro-abortion members abstaining. The only apparent reason for the abstaining votes was simply because Right to Life of Michigan (RLM) supported the bills with its use of the Shauna Prewitt video as part of its testimony. A strong bi-partisan vote is still expected on the bill when it is taken up on the House floor. A time frame for the floor vote has not yet been determined, but a vote in June is anticipated.

H.B. 4481 was introduced on April 21, 2015, and referred to the House Committee on Criminal Justice. The Criminal Justice Committee heard testimony on H.B. 4481 on May 19, 2015, as part of a larger package of bills addressing a number of domestic violence issues. RLM’s testimony in support of the bill included the opportunity to show a video from RLM’s compassion project featuring the story of Shauna Prewitt. No votes were taken and the bills are expected to be addressed again in the near future. 

A second bill was introduced to permanently terminate the parental rights of a rapist. The second bill is necessary because termination of parental rights is in a different section of law than the custody and parenting provisions. This second bill is also needed to meet a requirement of a federal bill moving through Congress in Washington that will make states eligible for certain grant monies if the state’s laws insure parental rights can be terminated by clear and convincing evidence. S.B. 629 was introduced on December 2, 2015 and referred to the Senate Judiciary committee. Testimony was heard on December 8, 2015 and it was voted out of committee unanimously. On December 15, 2015 the Senate took up the vote and passed S.B. 629 unanimously. It will now go to the House Committee on Criminal Justice.

Description
This bill would allow a rape survivor who becomes pregnant from assault to petition the family court to terminate the parental custody and parenting time (aka “visitation”) of her assailant under a “clear and convincing” evidence standard and without the necessity of a criminal conviction. Current law provides for the termination of parental rights of a man who impregnates a woman via sexual assault if he is convicted of felony rape. Unfortunately, felony rape convictions are difficult to obtain and require a legal standard of “beyond a reasonable doubt.” This bill would make the standard for termination of custody and parenting time the same as for those who abuse or neglect their child.

Background
Several states have begun to recognize the reality that rape and pregnancy arising from assaults are a very real phenomenon. Most states have had little to no protection for rape survivors who maintain the pregnancy and choose to parent their child when the man steps forward to assert his parental rights. Aligning the legal standard for termination of custody, parenting time, and parental rights for those who sexually assault and those who abuse or neglect makes sense. The idea that a woman would have to co-parent with the man who raped her is unconscionable.

History
Approximately 500 women per year conceive from rape in the state. More than half choose to carry the pregnancy to term and most of those women choose to parent their child. In 85% of sexual assaults, the woman knows her attacker, so there is a real possibility that he would know if she were to become pregnant. Threatening to assert paternity is a way to coerce a woman into an abortion or to get her to drop rape charges.

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Prenatally Diagnosed Conditions Act
S.B. 0287 – Sen. Jim Marleau
H.B. 5065 – Rep. Jason Sheppard
Current Status
S.B. 287 was introduced on April 21, 2015 and was referred to the Senate Health Policy committee. H.B. 5065 was introduced on November 5, 2015 and was referred to the House Health Policy committee. H.B. 5065 is similar to S.B. 287 except that it drops the requirement of having a clearinghouse website for the information.

Description
The Prenatally Diagnosed Conditions Act is a two-part bill that will address both fatal prenatal conditions as well as other conditions that are diagnosed prenatally. This act creates a database of medically accurate information about the prenatally diagnosed conditions, links to support groups, and provides information about intervention services. The physician will refer a woman who has been given a prenatal diagnosis to a website where she can receive medically accurate and up to date information. In the event that the diagnosis is fatal (one in which it would not be surprising if the baby died within one year), the doctor will refer the mother to a perinatal hospice program. S.B. 287 addresses both the fatal and non-fatal conditions by creating a clearinghouse website where experts populate information. H.B. 5065 requires the information to come from the doctor rather than referring the patient to a website.

Background
Prenatal screening for genetic abnormalities is routinely done as part of standard prenatal care. The tests used to be invasive, expensive and not extremely accurate. Now however, the tests require only a blood sample and can be done as early as 10 weeks gestation. Too often when a woman is given a prenatal diagnosis, the only information she receives is an abortion referral. Sadly, the majority of babies diagnosed prenatally with Down Syndrome are aborted. This bill is an attempt to help avoid eugenic “search and destroy” abortions.

History
A federal version of the Prenatally and Postnatally Diagnosed Conditions Awareness Act was passed by Congress in 2008. It was signed by President Bush and is currently the law of the land. It is much more limited in its scope as it only addresses instances where children with Down Syndrome are prenatally diagnosed. Unfortunately, there has never been any money allocated for its implementation. It was originally introduced by Sam Brownback and Ted Kennedy and enjoyed bi-partisan support.

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Abortion Provider Funding Ban
H.B. 4145 – Rep. Tom Hooker

S.B. 0575 – Sen. Patrick Colbeck

Current Status
On Jan. 27, 2016 the House Appropriations Committee heard testimony on H.B. 4145. Right to Life of Michigan along with other groups testified in favor of the bill. No vote was taken. H.B. 4145 was introduced on Feb. 5, 2015 and referred to the House Appropriations Committee. S.B. 575 was introduced on Oct. 21, 2015 and referred to the Senate Oversight Committee.

Description
H.B. 4145 adds section 2 to the Family Planning Act of the public health code. It states that state departments shall not distribute money to organizations that perform or refer for elective abortions. S.B. 575 is similar to H.B. 4145 but it would redirect both state and federal money away from abortion providers.

Background
Abortion providers in the state receive thousands of dollars of both state and federal dollars for family planning services. While family planning services serve a legitimate function, it is the policy of the state that abortion is not considered family planning. Nationally, Planned Parenthood alone receives half a billion dollars in federal taxpayer money to perform STI testing, cancer screening and contraceptive counseling and distribution. Technically, family planning money is not to be used in the performance of elective abortions, but each dollar received by abortion providers for other services augments the fiscal bottom line of the abortion provider.

History
There have been numerous efforts throughout the United States to defund Planned Parenthood specifically as they are the nation’s largest abortion provider. There have been budgets that have attempted to reduce or eliminate funding directly from the state to organizations that provide abortions. This bill would create a legislative avenue to permanently redirect the funds rather than having to negotiate it out of each budget.

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Coercive Abortion Prevention Act (CAPA)
H.B. 4787 & H.B. 4830 – Rep. Amanda Price and Rep. Nancy Jenkins

Current Status
H.B. 4787 and 4830 were both voted out of committee on September 29, 2015 along party lines and are now on the House floor awaiting a vote of the full chamber. Pro-choice members of the committee offered several amendments that were not approved. On September 22, 2015, a hearing in the House Criminal Justice Committee heard testimony from Right to Life of Michigan and two post-abortive women who were coerced into their abortions. The line of questioning from pro-choice members of the committee suggested that coerced abortions are uncommon and that if preventing coercion was really the goal of the legislation, then coercion to maintain a pregnancy should also be included. H.B. 4787 was introduced on July 14, 2015 by Representative Price and H. B. 4830 was introduced by Representative Jenkins on Aug. 19, 2015. The bills were referred to the House Criminal Justice Committee. These bills are a reintroduction from the previous term.

Earlier Legislative Action
Identical bills to 4787 and 4830 were introduced last term by Rep. Amanda Price (H.B. 4598) and Rep. Nancy Jenkins (H.B. 4599) but they unfortunately never received a committee hearing. Identical bills were also introduced in the Senate by Sen. Judy Emmons (S.B. 1156) and Sen. Tonya Schuitmaker (S.B. 1157). Both of those bills made it through committee and were passed on the Senate floor. They were referred to the House Criminal Justice Committee but never had a hearing.

Rep. Bruce Rendon sponsored the omnibus H.B. 5711 (“Prolife Bus”) in May 2012, that incorporated the abortion coercion screening provisions found in H.B. 5134 and 5182. H.B. 5711 passed the House on June 13, 2012. The Senate then acted on H.B. 5711, 4798, 4799 & 5181 on 12/6/12, with H.B. 4798, 4799, & 5181 passing by votes of 29-9, and H.B. 5711 passing 27-10. This sent the four bills back to the House for a final concurring vote.

After last-minute concerns were raised by Gov. Snyder about details in H.B. 4799, tie-bar amendments linking the coercion bills to the Prolife Bus, were broken by an amendment approved by the House on December 14, 2012. The House then gave final approval to only the Prolife Bus, leaving H.B. 4798, 4799 and 5181 to “die” at the close of the session. Because the coercion screening provisions in the Prolife Bus rely on the definition of coercion contained in H.B. 4799, that legislation must be reintroduced and passed quickly so the coercion screening may go forward, since the Prolife Bus law took effect on March 12, 2013.

H.B. 4798-99 were introduced on June 22, 2011, H.B. 5134 was introduced on October 27, 2011, and H.B. 5181-82 were introduced on November 29, 2011. The House Committee on Families, Children and Seniors held a hearing for testimony only on December 6, 2011. RLM testified in favor of the bills, and three women shared powerful personal stories about witnessing coercion to abort or experiencing such coercion themselves. The ACLU testified in opposition.

The Michigan Senate Judiciary Committee heard testimony on Tuesday, April 24, 2012, and reported out the entire CAPA package on Tuesday, May 1, 2012, on votes of 3-0.

Description
Research confirms that a substantial number of women feel forced by boyfriends, spouses, parents and others to have an abortion against their will. Women are coerced through threats of physical violence, withdrawal of financial support, loss of housing and violation of employment contracts or other legal agreements. Furthermore, numerous studies have confirmed that women presenting for their second or more abortion are substantially more likely to be suffering domestic violence.

H.B. 4787 adds to Michigan’s current anti-extortion/coercion provisions by including coercion to abort as a specific crime. It will be illegal to coerce a woman to abort by threatening or actually committing the following actions: physical assault, withdrawing financial support, or terminating or otherwise violating a legal contract, destroying or concealing a passport or other identification, and threats to deport or arrest.

H.B. 4830 establishes penalties commensurate with the seriousness of the prohibited action. Physical assault and stalking carry more severe penalties, while withdrawal of financial support or violation of a legal contract will be punishable by stiff fines.

Background
As many as 64% of women who have abortions report feeling pressured. This pressure often rises to the level of coercion, as housing, university athletic scholarships, and other financial support are used as leverage to force women to abort. Further studies reveal that in an alarming number of cases, coercion escalates into physical violence and even murder. In fact, homicide is the leading pregnancy related cause of death among pregnant women. These bills will give women the legal backing they need when being coerced to abort, and help prevent the tragedy of physical assault and murder of pregnant women.

History
Prior versions of CAPA have been introduced over the past five sessions. The screening portion of the package was put into place with the passage of the 2012 Prolife Omnibus bill and was set to go into effect in March 2013; however the criminal bill (H.B. 4787) contains the definition and therefore the screening process has yet to begin.

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Dismemberment Abortion Ban
H.B. 4833 & H.B. 4834 – Rep. Laura Cox
S.B. 0704 & S.B. 0705 – Sen. Tom Casperson

Current Status
S.B. 704 & 705 were introduced by Senator Tom Casperson on Jan. 14, 2016 and were referred to the Senate Health Policy Committee. S.B. 704 & 705 are identical to the house bills. H.B. 4833 and 4834 were introduced on August 19, 2015 by Representative Laura Cox. The bills were referred to the House Criminal Justice Committee and a committee hearing was held on September 29, 2015. A second committee hearing was held on Nov. 10, 2015 where both bills were voted out of committee on party lines. These bills amend the partial birth abortion ban that was enacted in 2011.

Earlier Legislative Action
Dismemberment abortion bans have been put in place in both Kansas and Oklahoma. In Kansas a judge has blocked the law from going into effect for now. This is the first time this bill has been introduced in Michigan. However, this bill will amend the current partial birth abortion ban which has been in effect for four years. The Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the partial birth abortion ban law in 2007 with its Carhart vs. Gonzales decision.

Description
Dismemberment abortion is the name given to a common second trimester abortion called the dilation and evacuation abortion or D & E abortion. This type of abortion is typically performed on unborn babies from 13 weeks through 24 weeks gestation. During this procedure, the abortion provider inserts grasping forceps through the woman’s cervix and into the uterus to grab a living fetus. The doctor grips a fetal part with the forceps and pulls it back through the cervix and vagina. The friction causes the fetus to tear apart. For example, a leg might be ripped off the fetus as it is pulled through the cervix and out of the woman. The unborn baby is torn apart limb from limb. The fetus can be alive at the beginning of the dismemberment process and can survive for a time while its limbs are being torn off. The violent and dehumanizing nature of dismemberment abortion undermines the public’s perception of the appropriate role of a physician and confuses the medical, legal, and ethical duties of physicians to preserve and promote life.

Background
The D & E abortion is the most commonly performed type of second trimester abortion. There were approximately 2,200 D & E abortions done in Michigan in 2014 or about 3 per day. With the Center for Medical Progress videos highlighting the trafficking of fetal organs and tissue at Planned Parenthood, the reality of D & E abortions is once again on the forefront of the public conscience. Researchers are eager to obtain fetal tissue from later gestational aged babies, so the D & E abortion method becomes the necessary tool for abortion providers.

History
The D & E abortion procedure was a focus of discussion during the Supreme Court’s decision on the Partial Birth Abortion Ban. The procedure itself was discussed at length and references to it were included in the majority opinion. Justice Kennedy said this about dismemberment abortions: “a procedure itself laden with the power to devalue human life.” This type of abortion has been in use since 1973.

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Abortion Counseling Conflict of Interest
H.B. 4831 – Rep. Mike Callton

Current Status
H.B. 4831 was introduced on August 19, 2015 and referred to the House Health Policy Committee.

Description
H.B. 4831 amends the Informed Consent Law. Prohibits anyone who benefits financially from tissue procurement of aborted babies from counseling women who are seeking an abortion.

Background
The donation of fetal tissue and organs for scientific research has been ongoing for many years. Women who choose to donate their baby’s tissue and/or organs following an elective abortion are required to sign a consent form. As shown on the videos that were produced by the Center for Medical Progress, it is sometimes the agents from the tissue procurement company who counsel women who come into the clinic for abortions and get them to sign the consent forms. Since the procurement companies benefit financially from getting the women to donate their babies’ bodies, it is a conflict of interest for those employees to also provide counseling to the women.

History
The informed consent law for abortion was passed in 1993. Since that time, there have been a few revisions and additions, however this is the first time this legislation has been introduced.

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No Abortion Providers in Public Schools
H.B. 4883 – Rep. Tom Hooker

Current Status
H.B. 4883 was introduced on September 17, 2015 and referred to the House Education Committee.

Description
H.B. 4883 amends the Revised School Code. It states that entities that provide or refer for abortions will not be allowed to teach sexual education in public schools.

Background
Organizations who provide or refer for abortions are often solicited to provide both educational resources and teacher training for sexual education. In addition, these organizations sometimes recruit and train teens to go back into their schools and do teen mentoring on sexual behavior. While teaching abortion as a method of family planning is already prohibited under the law, the fact that those who stand to gain financially from abortions are teaching sex education in the schools seems counterintuitive. In addition, because these organizations also provide contraception, and because the students will be encouraged to use various forms of contraception during the course of their sexual education, there appears to be a conflict of interest in providing sexual education to students when these same organizations also profit from the sale of contraceptives and abortion.

History
Michigan has implemented several laws regarding sexuality education within the public schools including not being allowed to teach that abortion is a family planning method, school personnel not being allowed to refer for abortion, and finally not being allowed to distribute contraceptives on school
property. These efforts have helped curb the influence of abortion-minded education from entering our schools, but unfortunately, Planned Parenthood is the nation’s largest provider of sexual education and is also the nation’s largest provider of abortion. They have been contracted by several local governments across America to provide sex education in schools.

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Fetal Organ Trafficking Ban
S.B. 0564 &  S.B. 0565 – Sen. Phil Pavlov
H.B. 5086 & H.B. 5087 – Rep. John Bizon

Current Status
S.B. 564 & 565 are currently on the Senate floor awaiting a vote after being voted out of the Senate Oversight Committee on February 11, 2016 with a 4-1 vote along party lines. S.B. 564 & 565 were introduced on October 15, 2015 and were referred to the new Senate Oversight Committee. H.B. 5086 & 5087 are identical versions of the Senate bills and were introduced on December 1, 2015 and referred to the House Criminal Justice Committee. There has been no hearing scheduled yet for H.B. 5086 & 5087.

Description
S. B. 564 (H.B. 5086) will prohibit the exchange of any form of compensation for fetal tissue or organs. S.B. 565 (H.B. 5087) describes the legal penalties for engaging in the trade of fetal tissue or organs for monetary or other forms of remuneration.

Background
Over the past several months the Center for Medical Progress has released a series of 11 videos that show senior members of Planned Parenthood engaging in what appears to be fetal organ and tissue trafficking. In the videos, abortion providers are seen haggling over the price they will be paid for certain fetal parts. While it is currently legal to receive a procurement fee for removing and delivering fetal organs and tissue, the videos show a picture of profiteering and greed. Because there are no guidelines within the law for fees that can be collected, this legislation will simply prohibit any exchange of money while allowing the practice of fetal tissue and organ donations. In October, Planned Parenthood announced that it will no longer accept money for fetal tissue/organ donations.

History
Fetal tissue research has been conducted for years. Since at least the 1920s, scientists have used fetal tissue for experiments, vaccines and therapies. However it wasn’t until the 1970s when elective abortions became legal that the ethics of fetal tissue experimentation became hotly debated. Prior to the legalization of elective abortions, federal dollars were used to support fetal tissue research projects. In the 1980s, the Reagan Administration placed a temporary ban on federal funding. When Bill Clinton took office, he lifted the moratorium on federal funding for fetal tissue research. Last year alone the National Institutes of Health spent $76 million of projects involving fetal tissue. The funds from the federal government for research projects will not be affected by these bills, but the exchange of money to abortion providers will halt.

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Clinic Licensing Enforcement Act
S.B. 0573 – Sen. Judy Emmons

Current Status
S.B. 573 was introduced on October 21, 2015 and referred to the Senate Oversight Committee.

Description
P.A. 499 of 2012 – the Pro-life Omnibus Law – requires that abortion clinics that publicly advertise and perform at least 120 abortions per year must be licensed as a freestanding outpatient surgical facility. Currently clinics are allowed to remain open while working to become compliant with the health and safety standards required under the law. This bill will reverse the standard and require that clinics will be closed and will not have their licenses renewed until they are compliant with the law.

History
Since the passage of the clinic licensing law, all but one abortion clinic in the state has been inspected and is licensed. However, the inspectors often give clinics a list of things that must be done in order to bring a clinic into compliance and also give those clinics several weeks and several chances to meet those requirements while allowing them to remain open for business. Unfortunately, some abortion clinic operators have learned how to play cat and mouse with the inspectors and put off necessary repairs, updates and health standards.

Background
The clinic licensing law has worked to put the worst of the clinics out of business. The 19 surgical abortion clinics that remain open in the state have had to submit to inspections by the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs and have to comply with the standards of a Freestanding Outpatient Surgical Facility. Those standards protect the health and safety of women who regrettably seek abortion services. In order to prevent clinics from slipping through the cracks and allowing violations of the health and safety standards, requiring clinics to close until they are compliant seems a better practice than allowing them to remain open in violation of those standards even while working to become compliant.

History
Over the years, stories of deplorable conditions at some abortion clinics have made headlines. The “House of Horrors” operated by Kermit Gosnell in Pennsylvania is one example. Another is the now closed clinic in Muskegon, Michigan. With common sense legislation, these kinds of deplorable conditions will never again occur in the state.

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